Pope John XXIII leads the opening session of the Second Vatican Council in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Oct. 11, 1962. A total of 2,540 cardinals, patriarchs, archbishops and bishops from around the world attended the opening session. Pope Benedic t XVI will mark the 50th anniversary of the council opening and kick off the Year of Faith with an Oct. 11 Mass in St. Peter's Square. Giancarlo Giuliani, Catholic Press Photo / CNS.
With the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Second Vatican Council coming up Oct. 11, the old lions of the council are getting ready to roar once again.
As a young priest, Pope Benedict XVI was at the council as a theological adviser, or peritus. As Pope he has made the proper interpretation of the council a key part of his teaching, and has declared a Year of Faith to begin Oct. 11, asking the Church to rediscover the riches of the council in light of the demands of the new evangelization.
There are other lions too. Some of them will be highlighted at a Vatican II conference Sept. 27 to 29 at St. Paul's University in Ottawa.
The conference has been criticized as being something of an oldtimers' game for theological dissenters. The presence of Gregory Baum, the former priest who at one time had a rewarding career proposing that the Church was wrong on just about every issue in which her teaching clashed with secular culture, set off alarms bells for those easily alarmed.
Baum too was a peritus at the council. But at nearly 90 years old he is a lion no longer able to hunt whose roars have long since lost the capacity to terrify the jungle. More than a theological force, he is now of principal interest as an archaeological specimen, the relic of a time when the future of the Church was expected to be an abrupt break with her past.
Baum and his companions thought that Vatican II meant a new Church, adapted to the times and taking its lead from the ambient culture. The idea that the ambient culture of the late 1960s and 1970s was a special repository of wisdom was just one fatal flaw in that scheme.
The Catholic journalist Robert Blair Kaiser is another of the old lions, rather grumpy now that the new Church never quite took hold in the Catholic world as it did world of mainline Protestantism.
He wrote recently about the council, quoting the Jesuit historian John O'Malley, about how exciting it all was back when he was a young journalist covering the new Church about to be born.
Vatican II, he wrote, took the Church "from commands to invitations, from laws to ideals, from definition to mystery, from threats to persuasion, from coercion to conscience, from monologue to dialogue, from ruling to service, from withdrawn to integrated, from vertical to horizontal, from exclusion to inclusion, from hostility to friendship, from rivalry to partnership, from suspicion to trust, from static to ongoing, from passive acceptance to active engagement, from fault-finding to appreciation, from prescriptive to principled, from behaviour modification to inner appropriation."
It's amazing the Church staggered through 19 and a half centuries in such sorry shape, until everything was made new in the 1960s, from tradition to buzzwords all around.
Going from "behaviour modification" to "inner appropriation" likely means little, but the general direction is clear. One does not change one's behaviour in response to the Gospel standard, but rather appropriates what one already is and how one already lives.
Blessed John Paul II had a rather different idea of the council's task, as he wrote in preparation for the Great Jubilee: "The Second Vatican Council was a providential event, whereby the Church began the more immediate preparation for the Jubilee of the Second Millennium.
"It was a Council similar to the earlier ones, yet very different; it was a Council focused on the mystery of Christ and His Church and at the same time open to the world.
"This openness was an evangelical response to recent changes in the world, including the profoundly disturbing experiences of the 20th century, a century scarred by the First and Second World Wars, by the experience of the concentration camps and by horrendous massacres.
"All these events demonstrate most vividly that the world needs purification; it needs to be converted" (Tertio Millennio Adveniente, #18).
The conference at St. Paul's may be rather light on the need of the Church to purify and convert the world. That will be the rather intense focus of the synod on the new evangelization to be held in Rome next month.
The more relevant speakers this weekend in Ottawa will have the same focus, led by Cardinal Peter Turkson, the Ghanaian prelate now head of the Holy See's office for justice and peace.
But those other retired lions will also have their say, like old men gathering to tell the stories about how wise they were once, and how their wisdom lives on still.
It's polite to listen, as one throws a toothless lion a bone.