The days may be numbered for union support of contentious political causes, something the Catholic Civil Rights League (CCRL) has been working towards for a long time.
While the League has been concerned about union support for so-called same-sex marriage and other issues in opposition to Catholic teaching, the tipping point for political change may be the Public Service Alliance of Canada’s (PSAC) recent support for separatist candidates in the Sept. 4 Quebec provincial election .
Conservative MP Pierre Poilievre, who is parliamentary secretary to the transport minister, promised to urge his cabinet colleagues to bring in legislation that would allow employees to opt out of paying union dues.
“I cannot imagine how it could possibly be in the interests of a Canadian public servant for the union to back a separatist party,” Poilievre told the Globe and Mail. “And yet that is precisely what PSAC has done.”
The CCRL became involved in the union dues issue back in 2004 when it fought for the rights of Catholic PSAC member Susan Comstock to have part of her $800 yearly mandatory dues diverted to charity because the union campaigned for same-sex marriage, contrary to her religious beliefs.
“We’ve always thought that, with good reason, union members should be able to put their request in writing so a portion of mandatory dues could be diverted to charity,” said CCRL executive director Joanne McGarry. “The ability to opt out of the union is another possibility.”
At issue is “the ability of union members to have a say in how their money is spent so they don’t have to fund something they find morally repugnant,” she said.
Industry Canada employee Dave MacDonald, a former PSAC local president who represented Comstock in her grievance process, said the changes Poilievre proposes are “important because the PSAC, among others, have ceased to be an organization focused on improving worker's rights and become a political organization. Their latest action in the Quebec provincial election is a perfect example of this.”
“As a Catholic, I am offended that my union dues are used to fund court challenges on abortion and same-sex marriage, gay pride parades and similar causes which have no correlation to the workplace,” he said. “Moreover, the Comstock case showed the extent to which the leadership in the PSAC was hostile to their own members who did not endorse their extreme political agenda.”
The pro-life movement also weighed in against union support of pro-abortion and anti-family policies. LifeSiteNews.com reported a litany of pro-abortion and anti-family activities by unions, including the recent funding by the Canadian Auto Workers (CAW) of pro-abortion rallies to combat the Canadian Centre for Bio-ethical Reform’s Abortion Caravan that exhibited graphic abortion pictures as it traveled across the country. The CAW also demonstrated against MP Stephen Woodworth’s Motion 312 that would re-examine the Criminal Code’s definition of a human being.
The Ontario English Catholic Teacher’s Association (OECTA) built a war chest for Premier Dalton McGuinty, despite religious freedom concerns raised by the Ontario bishops and Catholic school trustees about Ontario government’s policies that would impose Gay-Straight Alliances on Catholic schools.
McGarry said she encountered Catholic teachers who insisted OECTA did not represent their point of view. “I’m sorry, but they do,” she said. “That’s your money; they do represent you.”
Legislation is not the only way to make change, she said. She urged union members to become involved in the running of their unions so they have a say on these policies. But McGarry stressed the importance of religious freedom and conscientious objection. “If someone’s in a position where union membership is a condition of employment, they should be able, for serious reasons, to divert their dues.”
MacDonald, who has a private immigration law practice outside his work for government, said he is concerned Poilievre’s proposals might end unions if everyone is able to opt out of paying dues altogether.
“I believe a good compromise, and one that I believe The Church agrees with, is to keep unions in line with the rights of charities (including churches) regarding political activities,” he said. “That is, they should be able to do some political activities providing they are related to the stated objectives of a labour union.”
Lobbying government on job security, wages, health and safety would be okay, as would communicating messages on these issues to members, he said.
MacDonald said reform would be welcomed by the vast majority of members because it would make “a union that was interested in protecting worker's rights rather than espousing political viewpoints that are not shared by the majority of its members,” he said.
Union leaders have reacted angrily against Poilievre’s proposal, with Canadian Labor Congress Leader Ken Georgetti accusing the Conservative government of trying to silence its critics.
The PSAC’s support for separatist Canada’s prompted the socially conservative think tank the Canadian Institute for Policy Studies (CCPS) to launch a “Workers First” campaign to change Canada’s labour laws so union dues are used only for issues related to collective bargaining and workplace concerns. The campaign at workersfirst.ca targets both federal and provincial legislation.
"Few Canadians realize just how far behind the rest of the world we are when it comes to regulating how unions operate," said CCPS president Joseph C. Ben-Ami in a release. "Canada is the only democratic country in the world where employers can still be forced - by law - to hire only members of a certain union.”
In Canada workers can be forced to join a union, or to be made to pay union dues even if they aren’t union members, he said. “Once that money is in their hands, union bosses can spend it on virtually any activity or cause they want - including political."
Meanwhile, Conservative MP Russ Hiebert’s private member’s bill C-377 that would bring more accountability to how union dues are spent passed second reading last March and is now before the House of Commons finance committee. The CCPS endorsed this bill as a step in the right direction.
MacDonald also likes the idea of more accountability: “Our union dues would go down substantially if there was transparency.”